“Cuando uno atribuye todos los errores a los otros y se cree irreprochable, está preparando el retorno de la violencia, revestida de un vocabulario nuevo, adaptada a unas circunstancias inéditas. Comprender al enemigo quiere decir también descubrir en qué nos parecemos a él.” – Tzvetan Todorov

viernes, 13 de noviembre de 2009

El espejo frente al espejo.

Construir una paz basada en la coexistencia entre israelíes y palestinos es un camino arduo. De eso somos testigos cotidianos. Los obstáculos no sólo se encuentran en las involuntades políticas o “las pre-condiciones para negociar las negociaciones” a las que nos tienen habituados los débiles liderazgos de Israel y Palestina. También en la dimensión social, donde se han logrado los mayores avances de acercamiento, encontramos muros de desconfianza que aportan poco o nada al proceso de construcción de paz. El periodista Gil Zohar documenta en Peace without dialogue? Impossible (Common Grounds News Service) su experiencia en ese sentido en el contexto del festival cultural palestino (Al-Quds Underground) en Jerusalén oriental.

Del otro lado de la moneda, un video de Peace it Together (proyecto documentado en marzo pasado en Frente al Espejover aquí), nos muestra el detrás de cámara que llevó a 10 adolescentes israelíes y 10 palestinos a derribar el muro que se interpone entre ellos.

Peace without dialogue? Impossible
Gil Zohar

JERUSALEM - There aren’t too many English-language journalists who have covered Arab Jerusalem as I have for In Jerusalem in recent years—reporting on everything from a home in Anata built and demolished four times and now facing a fifth demolition order, to the first shopping mall along east Jerusalem’s main street Salah a-Din Street which received a building permit after 42 years of bureaucracy; from the al-Mamal Foundation for Contemporary Art inside the New Gate, to a conference on Palestinian refugees at al-Quds University in Abu Dis. These are all stories I have reported in an objective manner.

Thus it happened that last weekend I duly RSVP’d to a guests-only invitation to the Al-Quds Underground, touted as an unconventional festival with more than 150 small shows in private spaces in the Old City. Performances included music, storytelling, dancing, short acts and food. Locations were living rooms, a library, courtyards, gardens and more unique places. My expectation of a celebration of Jerusalem’s diversity was dashed, however, when I arrived late Saturday afternoon at the Damascus Gate meeting point. Politely asked in English by Jamal Goseh, the director of the a-Nuzha Hakawati Theater near the American Colony Hotel, “Where do you live?” I responded in Arabic that I live in Jerusalem. From my accent and appearance, he discerned that I am an Israeli.

Al-Quds Underground’s artistic director Merlijn Twaalfhoven of Amsterdam then told me, along with some Israeli peace activists who had arrived, that we were not welcome. My reply that I had been invited was to no avail, nor was my guarded threat to pen an expose of their discrimination.

And so here it is.

For the sake of fairness, I met Twaalfhoven the next day to allow him an opportunity to explain… or dig himself a deeper hole. (Goseh declined my request for an interview.) “We want to bring art to the world,” he began. “I sometimes break through the boundaries between art and life. That is the core of my work.”

A visionary creator of art happenings such as a dance performance at the Jalazoun refugee camp near Ramallah and the Long Distance Call concert on the rooftops of the Turkish half of the divided Cypriot city of Nicosia, Twaalfhoven said he had vaguely heard that the Arab League had chosen Jerusalem as Al-Quds 2009 Capital of Arab Culture and that the Israeli government had banned the festival as a political event forbidden under the Oslo Accords. “I don’t know the details. I thought it was a good idea to bring people together.”

Twaalfhoven then added, “The local people told me months ago that Israelis cannot go. Our team [of 12 Dutch activists and eight artists] had to promise that we would not allow peaceful Israelis to come.”

Apologetic over what had happened, he then spilled the beans. The €50,000 project was funded by the European Union through the Dutch charity Cordaid and the Alexandria-based Anna Lindh Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue between Cultures. To have said no to discrimination would have meant to scuttle the budget.

Al-Quds Underground’s no-Israelis rule is part of a larger policy set by the Palestinian Boycott Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) National Committee. This BDS movement, founded in 2005, can take credit for the cancellation of Leonard Cohen’s September concert at the Ramallah Cultural Palace.

Similarly in 2007, BDS activists succeeded in getting Canadian rock ‘n’ roll star Bryan Adams to pull the plug on back-to-back concerts in Jericho and Tel Aviv. Organised by the New York-based One Million Voices, the concerts were intended to promote a two-state solution to resolve the festering Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

BDS activists in Europe and elsewhere aim to isolate and discomfit Israel just as South Africa’s apartheid regime was targeted in the 1980s. This rejection of normalisation of relations is a historic and strategic mistake based on the false analogy between apartheid and Zionism.

Never mind the snub I received Saturday. On a broader level, the BDS movement is missing the point that peace is best promoted at a grassroots level, person to person, Jew to Arab, and Arab to Jew.

Those who think Israel can be pressured into coexistence are mistaken. Two states for two peoples will be embraced when enough people demand it. BDS fosters the illusion that Palestinians can achieve their goal of statehood without ever accepting Israel and Israelis.

Boycott, divest and sanction? I respond, Embrace, invest and encourage. Peace starts among people. Anyone unprepared for honest dialogue with the other is suffering from acute xenophobia. As Black Panther activist Eldridge Cleaver once remarked, “You’re either part of the solution or you’re part of the problem.”


* Gil Zohar is a journalist in Jerusalem. This article is distributed by the Common Ground News Service (CGNews) with permission from The Jerusalem Post.

Source: The Jerusalem Post, 08 November 2009,

Copyright permission is granted for publication

lunes, 2 de noviembre de 2009

Jordanos-Israelíes-Palestinos comparten recursos naturales y problemas ambientales

Crédito: "5" y "0" (c) Itamar Grinberg 2009
Facebook EcoPeace Foeme: "350: International Day of Climate Action
By EcoPeace Foeme

On October 24, FoEME took part in 350.org’s International Day of Climate Action. The world’s best climate scientists advise that the international community must stabilize the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere at 350 parts per million in order to avert the worst consequences of global warming. To urge global leaders to remember this number at the next round of international climate talks in December, over 5,200 groups in 181 countries organized events around this number.

Here in Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, FoEME mobilized 300 concerned citizens from all three nations to create human chains of the digits “3,” “5,” and “0.” FoEME’s event took place at three different sites along the Dead Sea, symbolizing the importance of trans-boundary cooperation over shared natural resources and common environmental problems. Photos from the event, as well as from the other events all over the world, were projected in Times Square, New York all day on October 24, and were delivered to the United Nations on Monday, October 26.

Bill McKibben, founder of 350.org, commented on FoEME's event, saying; 'If there's any image that illustrates the ability of people to come together across political boundaries, this should be it.'"

Las fotos en Facebook se pueden ver desde aquí.

Barghouti y Baltzer en The Daily Show

Mustafá Barghouti es secretario general de la Iniciativa Nacional Palestina (Al-Mubadarah), un movimiento político de corte reformista y secular que fundó junto con Edward Said y Haidar Abdel-Shafi en junio de 2002. Su objetivo, convertirse en una alternativa incluyente a Hamás y la OLP, a las que ha criticado duramente. En las elecciones presidenciales de 2004 recibió 20% de los votos, muy lejos del 80% de Mahmoud Abbas, pero sin duda ofreciendo una opción al oficialismo palestino. De acuerdo a la encuesta más reciente del Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, Barghouti recibiría el 7% de los votos en las elecciones programadas para el próximo año. La INP poco más del 3%. Si bien su presencia en la calle palestina es aún marginal frente a las dos principales fuerzas políticas, lo cierto es que este movimiento puede convertirse en la alternativa secular al descrédito de Al-Fatah y el debilitado liderazgo de Abbas.

Barghouti y su organización defienden la posibilidad de un acuerdo de paz con Israel basado en dos Estados, con una Palestina independiente en Gaza, Cisjordania y Jerusalén Oriental. Hace unos días fue entrevistado junto con Anna Baltzer en The Daily Show, programa que conduce Jon Stewart. Baltzer es una judía estadounidense, activista pro-derechos humanos, publicó en 2007 Witness in Palestine: A Jewish American Woman in the Occupied Territories, donde da cuenta de la resistencia no-violenta palestina contra la ocupación israelí.

La entrevista, que en momentos puede resultar polémica, resulta reveladora en el sentido de constatar la interacción de Baltzer, una mujer judía, y Barghouti, un hombre palestino, que comparten un espacio de diálogo y reconocimiento como seres humanos con las mismas pretensiones.

La entrevista completa, sin editar, se puede consultar aquí.